The Sopwith Camel was a British single-seat biplane, introduced on the Western Front in 1917. It was a superlative fighter, credited with shooting down 1,294 enemy aircraft, more than any other Allied fighter. It also served as a ground-attack aircraft, especially near the end of the conflict, when it was outclassed in the air-to-air role by newer fighters. It was equipped with two forward-firing synchronized machine guns mounted just ahead of the pilot’s cockpit under a raised fairing, which is said to have inspired the name Camel. The ace Otto Kissenberth shot down his final victim using a captured British Sopwith Camel on 20 May 1918, dying nine days later, in a crash while flying the Camel, ending his combat career.